Often pet owner's ask about giving bones to their dogs. It is important to be aware of the safety concerns regarding this practice and once aware it is easier to understand why this practice is discouraged. Some concerns include GI tract obstructions, fractured teeth, mouth/jaw injuries, and death due to complications associated with obstructions.
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Obstruction due to bone.
(Photo from: http://www.petplace.com/article/dogs/diseases-conditions-of-dogs/stomach-intestine-liver-or-pancreas/endoscopy-to-remove-foreign-objects-in-dogs)
FDA Consumer Updates
Parr JM, Remillard RL. Handling alternative dietary requests from pet owners. In: Vet Clin Small Anim 44 (2014) 667-688.